Assessing ODL Teachers/Tutors’ Opinion Inclusion of Children with Emotional, Social and Behavioral Difficulties in ODL

Zahid Majeed

In Pakistan about 2.49% of population is with special needs including hearing, visual impairment, mentally challenged, physically handicapped and multiple handicaps.  Open and Distance Learning is most suitable and accommodative mode for them so much of them are getting education through ODL mode. The study aim was to determine the e-tutors arrogances to include students having emotional, social and behavioural difficulties (ESBD) seeing the impact of physical age, know-how, academic education/degrees and the help they had from AIOU. Researcher selected 200 e-tutors/e-instructors as sample for the study and most of them from Islamabad region. The study was mixed design i.e. quantitative and qualitative methods. Data collected in the form of numbers was by questionnaire of two scales and the qualitative through open ended questions.  Correlation was used to discover the relationship between physical age, professional practices (experiences), academic education and help they had with arrogances and readiness. The researcher used the thematic analysis to analyse the qualitative data/information. The study recommended that tutors should be trained to assess the special needs and characteristics of emotional, social and behavioural disordered students. Also modified teaching methods/pedagogies should be part of their pre and in-service teacher training progarmmes.  

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