Stress and Coping Strategies of University Teachers in Pakistan
The purpose of the present study was to identify the perceived job stress and stress coping strategies used by the teachers in Pakistani universities. The study used a survey research design comprising two segments: a) first section identifies how the presence of negative factors and the absence of positive factors cause stress for university teachers in their careers. b) The second part identifies the coping strategies used by them to explore the ways for effective stress management. The data was collected by the instruments Perceived Job Stressors (Kanner, Kafry, & Pines, 1978) and The Coping Inventory (Carver, Scheier, & Weintraub, 1989) to identify the stressors and the preferred coping strategies used by the faculty. The data indicate that university faculty experience stress both due to presence of negative factors and absence of positive factors. The most important stress coping strategy used by them was positive reinterpretation & growth, followed by turning to religion, planning, suppression of competing activities, active coping, restraining coping, seeking social support for emotional reasons, acceptance, mental disengagement, alcohol-drug disengagement, focusing on & venting of emotions. Moreover, age of teachers influence the adaptation of above mentioned three coping strategies namely positive reinterpretation & growth, turning to religion, and mental disengagement.
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