Effects of Training of Eye Fixation Skills on the Reading Fluency of Children with Oculomotor Dysfunction

Muhammad Nazir & Tanzila Nabeel

The study was carried out to determine the effect of training of eye fixation skills on the reading fluency of Children with Oculomotor Dysfunction. Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design was used in this experimental study. All the school going children having Oculomotor Dysfunction and poor reading skills between the ages 5-14 years at primary level were population of this study. King Devick Pro Reading test was run on the children with poor reading abilities to diagnose the Children with Oculomotor Dysfunction. Children having percentile rank below 15 or below average accuracy on King Devick Pro Reading test were diagnosed as Children with Oculomotor Dysfunction. 20 Children with Oculomotor Dysfunction were selected from a pool of 50 Children with Oculomotor Dysfunction using random sampling technique. Two cohorts (experimental and control) having 10 Children with Oculomotor Dysfunction each, were used in the study. The level of Visual Fixation Skills of the children of both of the groups was analyzed sing Nova Southeastern University College of Optometry Oculomotor Test. The subjects of experimental group underwent training of manual and computer animated visual fixation skills 50 minutes per day for 7 days a week for 6 weeks. Words Correct Per Minute Method was used to determine the reading fluency of both of the groups before and after the intervention from selected paragraphs of Punjab Textbook Board. Analysis of Covariance was employed to make comparison between the level of reading fluency of Experimental Group and Control Group on the basis of attained scores after the intervention. The results indicated that there was significant effect (p=0.003) of the training of visual fixation skills on the reading fluency of Children with Oculomotor Dysfunction. A highly significant improvement (p=0.001) in the eye fixation skills of the Children with Oculomotor Dysfunction was found through visual fixation exercises training.

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