Pakistan Journal of Education is a biannual publication of Faculty of Education, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, published since 1984. Articles published in the journal are selected on the basis of quality. Pakistan Journal of Education welcomes theoretical and empirical original research papers, case studies, review papers, book reviews. PJE is an open access peer reviewed research journal which provides a platform for the researchers, academicians, professional, practitioners and students to impart and share knowledge in the form of high quality empirical and theoretical research papers, case studies, literature reviews and book reviews. Views expressed in the journal are those of authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Pakistan Journal of Education.