Muhammad Shehzad, Ashiq Hussain Dogar
This research was designed to explore the problems and malpractices emerge during examinations of grade 5 and grade 8 students in Punjab. It was qualitative descriptive research based on survey design in nature. Data was collected from 24 heads of Examination Cluster Centers via semi-structure interview protocol who were selected by applying simple random sampling technique. Thematic analysis was used for the analysis of data. The results revealed that problems occurred at three stages e.g. before conducting, during conducting and after conducting exams. These problems include load shedding, disruption of internet, interruption in teaching, incorrect data, shortage of staff and stationery, improper training and low remuneration. According to the respondents, problems like incorrect role number slips and cut lists, shortage and misprinting of papers, security and secrecy, impropriate examination centers, stringent monitoring and distributing of papers also occurred during examination. The respondents also highlighted various types of malpractices such as peeking and talking with other candidates, possessing cheating material, showing and exchanging papers. The reason behind the malpractices was the desire of teachers, students and parents to show better results.